Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a condition that often interferes with quality of life, and can even lead to drug and/or alcohol problems, juvenile delinquency, and relationship and employment failure when severe. Assessing ADD requires a thorough medical history; an understanding of the client's social, educational and developmental history; access to previous evaluations and school testing, psychometric testing (intelligence), educational and perhaps personality testing; and neurometric evaluation. A neurometric evaluation assesses the activity of the nervous system, as an attentional deficit is usually of neurological origin. Proper neurometric assessment involves a qEEG, in which brain wave patterns are recorded and analyzed. The disorder can be inherited or caused by trauma, such as lack of oxygen to the brain at birth or fetal alcohol exposure.
At Myosymmetries, we use two forms of neurofeedback training to treat ADD: Electroencephalograph Driven Stimulation (EDS) and EEG Neurofeedback. In both treatments, the clinician connects the client to a computer by means of electrodes placed on the scalp. This is painless and non-invasive. During the second stage of treatment, using the biofeedback, clients are trained to increase their and decrease specific brain-wave activities to increase focus and decrease distractibility. This half of the therapy is very similar to playing a video game with your mind, but it help treats the deficit disorder at the same time. This therapy can help improve listening and learning skills, giving individuals a feeling of calmness and helping improve relationships with others.
Myofascial pain syndrome evolves when a trigger point develops in a muscle. The trigger point may be latent or active dependent upon the individual's activity level. A latent trigger point, when present in a muscle, produces pain upon palpation; is usually associated with reduced range of motion; and once developed, tends to remain until treatment is completed. A latent trigger point becomes active with excessive muscle use, causing a well defined pain pattern. Unfortunately, myofascial pain syndrome remains poorly recognized as a clinical entity. There is no medical specialty dedicated strictly to muscles, and there has been no clear definition of myofascial pain syndromes due to its diffuse nature. The terminology for muscle pain has included myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, fibrositis, etc., producing a confusion of terms and study outcomes. Myofascial pain syndromes and fibromyalgia are two separate entities, each having their own pathology; however, they share the muscle as their common pathway of pain.
The development of EMG techniques started to make great progress in addressing varied pain entities. For example, Donaldson et al, (1994) used surface EMG techniques (sEMG) to demonstrate the that muscle containing trigger points was overactive when compared to the contralateral partner (the same muscle on the opposite side of the body).
Many clients come to us wanting to feel better. They may be suffering from anxiety, depression, and /or excessive anger. At Myosymmetries, we recognize that many factors can affect how people feel, but we start with the brain. We focus primarily on assessing brain function through qEEG brain mapping. We may also use standard written assessments and stress-testing to better understand the unique experience of each client. Based on our findings, we develop a plan that may include; neurofeedback, counselling, sweat response training, and /or HRV (heart rate variability) training to treat anxiety and depression related issues.
Research suggests that muscles are the source of much chronic pain. If you can treat the muscles, you greatly ease the pain; but muscle damage alone can have a lasting and serious effects. At Myosymmetries, we look at the whole body system, not just the pain. Correcting muscle damage involves more than simply strengthening a muscle, as the neurological function of the muscle and the muscle fiber is damaged. Most often, pain occurs when a stretch is imposed upon a muscle that is already lengthened - for instance, if you're rear ended while your head is turned, your neck muscles will be more severely damaged than muscles that were straight and in balance at the moment of impact. In addition, trigger point can develop when members of a pair of muscles (left and right side of the body) perform unevenly, one being hyperactive and the other becoming dormant. As a result, the trigger points defer pain in sites that are seemingly unrelated, but follow a consistent and well documented pattern. If one muscle is dormant or near dormant, its counterpart on the other side of the body has to work twice as hard to make up for it. Over time, the working muscle becomes chronically fatigued and painful.
However, even treating the muscles effectively isn't always enough by itself. The central nervous system becomes involved when each individually disturbed muscle reflex sends a signal of pain up the spine to the brain and the total bombardment becomes too much to handle. Constant stimulation of the brain by pain alters the brain's activity as the messages spread out around the original point in the brain related to the pained muscle. As more parts of the brain become affected, they send incorrect messages to different areas of the body, and the pain communication becomes circular. This changes the biochemical activity in the brain, and the cycle of body pain and confused brain messaging becomes self perpetuating. The brain must be rewired through biofeedback to receive and send messages accurately, otherwise the muscle pain will simply recur as the brain continues to send out wrong messages. By the time people come to Myosymmetries, with or without a diagnosis, they are struggling with chronic pain and mental fog, forgetfulness, exhaustion and sleep disorder caused by the biochemical changes in the brain. They often are also carrying the burden of despair because they have been told "it's all in your head", when nothing irregular has shown up on an x-ray or in a muscle biopsy. Fortunately, with our multidisciplinary approach to pain, we offer understanding, explanations, hope, and comprehensive, effective treatment.
Fibromyalgia (aka fibrositis or FMS) is a complex, chronic condition causing widespread pain and fatigue, with a variety of other debilitating symptoms. Unlike arthritis, fibromyalgia does not cause pain or swelling in the joints themselves; rather, it produces pain in the soft tissues located around joints, skin, and organs throughout the body. As fibromyalgia produces few outwardly noticeable symptoms, it has been nicknamed "the invisible disability" or the "irritable everything" syndrome. The pain of fibromyalgia usually consists of diffuse aching or burning described as the "head-to-toe", and it is often accompanied by muscle spasms. Its severity varies from day to day and can change location, becoming more severe in parts of the body that are used the most. (i.e. the neck, shoulders, and feet). In some people, the pain can be intense enough to interfere greatly with work and daily tasks, while in others it causes only mild discomfort. Likewise, the fatigue of fibromyalgia also varies from person to person, ranging from a mild, tired feeling to the exhaustion of a flu-like illness. Fortunately, fibromyalgia is neither crippling nor fatal; however, the exact prevalence of fibromyalgia in the general population is difficult to ascertain, but it is estimated that up to 10 million people suffer from fibromyalgia syndrome around the world (Muhammad Yunus, MD, 1996). While most prevalent in adult women, fibromyalgia also occurs in children, the elderly and men.
Although the cause of fibromyalgia syndrome is not currently known, research has already uncovered significant information. It often develops after a physical trauma (i.e. accident, injury, or severe illness) that appears to act as a trigger in predisposed individuals. Such a trauma may affect the central nervous system (spine and brain) which in turn produces the condition that we know as fibromyalgia.